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Glutamine is an amino acid that is best known for its role as a major source of energy for rapidly dividing cells, such as those in the gut and immune system. This amino acid is also involved in the regulation of acid-base balance in the kidneys, protein synthesis and maintenance of the immune system.

What are the main characteristics of glutamine

Glutamine is a substance with a number of important characteristics, such as:

Conditionally replaceable

Glutamine is a conditionally replaceable amino acid. This means that the body can also produce it on its own. However, during periods of stress and illness, the body's need for glutamine may exceed its ability to produce it.

Its abundance in the body

Glutamine is one of the most abundant amino acids in the body. It is found in high concentrations in skeletal muscle, the brain and the lungs.
It supports the function of the immune system
Glutamine is used by immune cells as a source of energy and is involved in the production of certain immune molecules.

Helps maintain gut health

Glutamine is important for supporting the growth of beneficial gut bacteria and maintaining the integrity of the intestinal mucosa. This helps to improve digestion.

What are the potential benefits in sports of taking glutamine

Glutamine is involved in the synthesis of proteins that are necessary for muscle building and repair. Taking glutamine can help reduce muscle loss. This is especially true for periods of intense exercise and calorie restriction.

Glutamine promotes muscle growth. Taking glutamine in supplement form can help in promoting muscle growth, especially in combination with resistance training.

What kind of people are glutamine supplements for

  • Athletes
    Glutamine is often used in athletes to improve recovery and muscle growth.
  • Individuals with gastrointestinal disorders
    Glutamine can help improve gut health in people with gastrointestinal disorders.
  • People with immune system disorders
    Glutamine may help maintain immune function in individuals with immune system disorders such as HIV or cancer.
  • Vegetarians and vegans

Glutamine is found in high concentrations in animal products, so vegetarians and vegans may be at risk of glutamine deficiency if they do not consume enough plant sources of this amino acid.