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Amino acids play the role of a building block. They build proteins and play an important role in the proper functioning of the human body.

What are amino acids

Amino acids are organic compounds. They contain an amino group, a carboxyl group and a side chain. This side chain determines the unique properties of each amino acid. There are 20 different amino acids.

What functions do amino acids take part in

Amino acids play a vital role in many different biological functions of the body, such as:

  • Protein synthesis
  • Amino acids are essential for the synthesis of all types of proteins in the body. Amino acids bind to each other through peptide bonds to form polypeptide chains that form various complex protein structures.
  • Enzymatic catalysis
  • Many enzymes in the body are proteins. They require specific amino acid residues to catalyze biochemical reactions.
  • Synthesis of hormones and neurotransmitters
  • Amino acids serve to synthesize various hormones and neurotransmitters in the body.
  • Energy production
  • Amino acids can be metabolized. This process takes place in the liver. In the course of this process, amino acids transform themselves into glucose. It is used as a source of energy by the cells in the body.
  • Helping immune system function
  • Amino acids are involved in maintaining the function of the immune system. They are involved in the production of antibodies, cytokines and other various components of the immune system.
  • Strengthening the structure
  • Amino acids help strengthen the structure of tissues and organs in the body. For example, collagen is a protein that is rich in the amino acids glycine, proline and hydroxyproline and provides strength and flexibility to connective tissues such as skin, tendons and cartilage.

What are amino acid supplements

Amino acid supplements are dietary supplements that contain one or more amino acids. They are usually taken in the form of capsules, tablets or powders. Amino acid supplements are used by athletes and bodybuilders to support muscle growth, improve athletic performance, and reduce muscle soreness and fatigue.

Which foods are rich in amino acids

Amino acids are contained in a variety of foods, including plant and animal sources. Some examples of dietary sources of amino acids are meat, seafood, fish, eggs, dairy products, legumes, and some nuts and seeds.